Varicose veins refer to an enlargement of the veins and a loss in the ability of the vein to properly maintain blood flow back toward the heart. When this occurs blood can collect in the feet and legs. Superficial varicose veins may appear as unsightly cords or a small bunch of grapes, which usually appear on the tops of the feet, around the ankles and may extend upward to the knees and thighs. Deep varicose veins while usually not visible will result in chronic swelling of the feet, ankles and legs. This results in swelling, called edema. The skin can become inflamed, and is know as venous stasis dermatitis. Luckily this is a problem that almost always responds quickly to conservative treatment. Since the problem is too much pressure on the 2nd metatarsal head, the solution is to reduce this pressure. There are several ways to reduce pressure on the metatarsal. The most effective method is to use a custom orthotic that conforms extremely close to the arch of the foot. This type of orthotic, called a “ total contact orthotic ” has been shown in multiple studies to be the most effective method to reduce pressure under the ball of the foot ( list of articles available on this page ). Of course I asked my acupuncturist what she thought of acupuncture as a bunion treatment. (I had hoped she could tell me that she had successfully treated people with bunions before!) But no, she hadn't – though she had previously treated people for the pain their bunions caused them. So I'll have to find out for myself if this works! Posted in Bunion Treatments Leave a comment Bunion Night Splint, Toe Separator or Exercises for Bunions? September 22nd, 2007 Footwear with a tapered toe box not only can cause bunions but can also cause them to worsen to the point of needing surgery to repair If the symptoms persist there are alternatives to permanently prevent the recurrence of the callus or corn. If a bunion is the cause of callus formation correcting the bunion would be appropriate to reduce it. If a hammertoe is the cause, rebalancing the tendons in the toe will straighten the digit to reduce the friction on the toe joints causing the painful corn. When a metatarsal bone is prominent, the bone is repositioned, thus preventing further calluses. These are minor surgical procedures performed under local anesthesia as an outpatient at the hospital. Patients are able to walk out of the hospital without the need for long-leg casting or crutches. Surgery is indicated when conservative treatment fails to eliminate the pain. There are several surgical techniques used for the treatment of this deformity. The type of surgery performed will depend on a patient's medical condition, findings on physical exam and the structure of the fifth metatarsal as determined by X-ray imaging. Surgery for a tailor's bunion can be performed on the metatarsal head (the end toward the toe), shaft (the middle of the bone), or metatarsal base. In medicine it always says that "Precaution is better than cure". Opting for some simple tips in daily routine life by diabetic person can help to minimize the chances of diabetic foot ulcers. Prepare a base benefit by mixing one cup of Epsom salts and a cup of baking soda. You can use a few drops of essential oils for fragrance if you want. Mint or lavender are good oils to choose from. 2Fill a bowl large enough for two of the feet with warm water (as hot as you can stand without burning) to keep, add 3 tablespoons. of the foot to absorb the mixture per liter of water until dissolved. Let stand 10 minutes. 3 Enjoy your feet in the water and soak feet for a solution up to 30 minutes to soften the beans before her waist. Don't wear a shoe that is sized too big for your foot, or cut toe spaces out of current shoes to reduce pressure. Wearing a wider shoe in your measured length size is good, but increasing the shoe size (like a half size up) simply makes the shoe longer, and allows the foot to slide within it more when walking. This can lead to further pressure on the toes. Cutting toe material out of a shoe simply makes the top of the shoe less stable, and the exposed toe can still rub on the edges of the cut hole. Bunion surgery is the most common foot surgery I do. Before I tell you about the actual surgery, I will describe what a bunion is and how a patient gets one. Below is a picture of a severe bunion deformity and a moderate to minor bunion. See further below for before and after bunion surgery pictures. (Click any picture to enlarge) People who get bunions have many different foot types. Some people have no arch when they’re standing or sitting. Other people have a normal arch that collapses to a flat arch. Even people with high arches that collapse to a more normal arch can get bunions. There are a lot of body parts I’m not particularly happy with (you thighs know who you are), but the one part of me I’ve never been bothered by is my feet. Not to be conceited, but I’ve always thought I had pretty nice feet, as far as feet go. They are not too fat or too thin, my arches are not too high or too low, and my toes all line up nicely in descending order. I don’t have bunions or hammertoes or any other unsightly foot blemishes. All said, they are good feet.